This constitution of India guarantees equality of opportunity in employment and directs the state to secure equal rights for livelihood, equal pay for equal work as well as just and human conditions of work for all. Despite the concerted efforts of the state, the economic status of women is lagging behind their male counter parts. Women work the most, paradoxically they earn the least in life. The additional social responsibilities shouldered by them, their subordinate status in society, partirchal family setup, socio-economic backwardness, proneness for occupation in the unorganized sector with low productivity and marginalization in employment opportunities account their poor or low earning capacity. A majority of women work in unorganized sectors for low wages due to low level of skills, illiteracy, ignorance and surplus labor and thus face high level of exploitation. This hampers their bargaining power of higher wages and/or any opportunities for further development.
Women enter the market as wage earners but occupy secondary position in the labor work force. Their significance is considered marginal. They enter the labors market only when the economic compulsions force them to supplement the merger family earnings. The perception of women work as a supplementing or balancing force in the family and the nation work force has made them susceptible to all sorts of discriminatory treatment and exploitation in the field of employment.
The women contribution to the economy by and large remains unrecognized, yet their services are valuable. The world bank in its annual report in 1989 observed that 35 percent of Indian households below the poverty line were headed by women and in most cases, were dependent exclusively on female income. The report observed that women contribution is significant in families with low economic status. The poorest families thus depend on women economic productivity.
Unorganized sector means the enterprises or place of work, are not registered by the Govt and does not follow the rules and regulation simply. It is the informal sector. Eg;_ Housekeeping, gardening, constitution work etc…
The unorganized sector companies mainly of workers in small scale industries, casual workers, head load workers, garments makers, projection and support for the unorganized sector is workers is very necessary for both economic and social development. The Govt. laws protecting these workers should be strictly implemental and those who exploit these workers should be punished severely.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The prevalence of women workers in unorganized sector is significant in number. There are engaged in activities like agriculture, construction work self employment etc.
Women workers in India are faced with lot move challenges. In informal sector women workers don’t get same wage for same nature of work for same hours done by men. The present study entitled “WOMEN WORKERS IN UNORGANIZED SECTOR” is an attempt to understand the socio-economic background of women workers in unorganized sector in WANDOOR PANCHAYATH.